Detection of muscular dystrophy started to surface in the early years of the 19th Century. Dystrophy originates from the Greek word ‘dys’, which means, ‘to nourish.’ 1 male in every 3500 is found suffering from this horrendous disease.
Muscular dystrophies are a set of genetic diseases that are characterized by weakness and eventual or progressive degeneration of muscles. There are approximately a set of around 30 such genetic diseases that can lead to an alarming decrease in the strength of skeletal muscles. It worsens in due time as the muscles continuously deteriorate.
To address a disease as mentally and physically taxing as the various kinds of Muscular dystrophies (MD), expert and foolproof guidance is of prime importance. NeuroGen Brain and Spine Institute has been set up to assist patients all over the world with incurable neurological disorders such as Cerebral palsy, autism, stroke, muscular dystrophy, etc.
Along with drug treatment and rehabilitation, it also offers Muscular dystrophy stem cell treatment which has been proven to be potential not only in stabilizing the symptoms of MD but also in putting brakes on the rapid pace of progression of the disease.
Types and causes of Muscular dystrophy
This collection of genetic disorders is usually similar in clinical characteristics and features; but they differ mainly in their intensity, level of weakness, distribution, and pace of progression and age of occurrence. Duchene, Becker and Emery-Dreifuss MDs usually occur at an early age ranging from infants in the first kind to teens and young adults in the remaining two types. Myotonic (MD) affects middle aged individuals whereas Distal MD and Oculopharyngeal MD appear after the onset of the fourth decade of human life.
A cluster of disorders which disrupt one of the tons of genes that code proteins for muscle integrity give rise to Muscular dystrophy. Thus, the cells maintaining the muscles consequently degenerate leading to muscle weakness. Muscular dystrophy is hereditary and can be transmitted as
- Autosomal Dominant
- Autosomal Recessive
- X-linked inheritance or when the mother carries the faulty gene.
How can stem cell therapy be helpful?
The entire mechanism of muscular dystrophy stem cell treatment is based on tissue remodeling and prevention of cell death. Stem cells have the capacity to convert any kind of cells and undergo self-regeneration. The ability of the adult muscle to undergo renewal is due to satellite muscle cells, an integral part of skeletal muscle regeneration. At NeuroGen BSI Stem cell therapy is paving the way for revolutionary treatment of MD to restore the stem pool.
Presently, the institute boasts of over ninety-percent of its patients showing tremendous promise in the development of muscle strength and balance who have undergone this treatment. Without any doubt, the signs of a very bright and prosperous future are here.