All Basic Things That You Should Know About Stem Cell Therapy

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The world of medical science always keeps advancing at an impressive pace. If we talk about the most remarkable breakthrough in the medical science field that has happened in the last few years, then it would not be wrong to say that stem cell therapy is the one. This is the reason why in the arena of medicine, it was given the Noble Prize in the year 2012.

Knowing About Stem Cells

So, what are stem cells? Well, as we know, a cell is the main component of our body. It is the block that is responsible for building our entire body. When cells come together, then tissues are formed, and through the tissues, organs are formed. So, the cells serve various purposes, and these basic kinds of cells are known as stem cells.

These stem cells can reproduce themselves, and they can also come together to form any kind of tissue. So, in other words it can be said that the stem cells have the power to repair the injured or damaged area of our body. This is the reason why stem cells have become so useful in the medical world. Neurogen BSI is one of the most reputed names when it comes to availing stem cell therapy in India.

stem cell therapy in India

The Vital Aspects of Stem Cell Therapy

The treatment procedure related to stem cell therapy is a kind of regenerative medicine. The main purpose of stem cell therapy is to bring back the function of the tissue and the organ in the patient’s body. The stem cells work perfectly to repair the organ by replacing and repairing the damaged cells. Cells get damaged when people get old or suffer from a disease. It would not be wrong to say that the stem cell therapy works on the root cause of the problem.

The popularity of stem cell therapy in India has increased a lot because of the huge success rate it showcases. Premier medical institutes like NeuroGen BSI have set up a benchmark in this field by providing top quality medical services to the patients suffering from diseases like autism, mental retardation, muscular dystrophy, cerebral palsy, motor neuron disease, and many more.

Also, stem cell therapy is proving to be effective in treating spinal cord injury. Hence, there is no doubt about the fact that the future of stem cell therapy is quite bright in India.


Advanced Stem Cell Treatment for Muscular Dystrophy

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Muscular dystrophy is the condition that results in progressive weakening of the muscles, primarily in children.This condition may occur from about 30 genetic disorders. It causes debilitating effects on the skeletal muscles of the body which is important for performing voluntary movements. The affected muscles begin to lose their strength.

The individual genetic mutation (defect) indicate different types of signs and symptoms as well as the extent of the defect and the type of muscles affected. If left untreated, muscular dystrophy can worsen with time and the patient may lose control over their muscles rapidly.

Different types of muscular dystrophy

There are nine (9) types of muscular dystrophy conditions that are classified as:

  • Duchene –It results in progressive weakening and wasting of muscles in the body, mainly the pelvis, upper legs and upper arms. This will eventually affect the voluntary muscles as well.
  • Becker –The symptoms are generally similar to Duchene muscular dystrophy, but are less severe and slower in progress.
  • Congenital – It results in general weakness and deformed joints.
  • Distal –It causes rapid weakening and wasting of muscles in the lower legs, forearms, and hands.
  • Emery-Dreifuss –It causes weakening and wasting of muscles in the shin, upper arm, and shoulders.
  • Limb-girdle –It weakens the muscles in the pelvic girdle and shoulder girdle initially before progressing to the neighbouring
  • Facioscapulohumeral – It results in the weakening of facial muscles along with the muscles in the upper arms and shoulders.
  • Myotonic – It results in contraction of muscles of the hand, feet, face, and neck.
  • Oculopharyngeal – It causes weakening of the finer muscles, such as the eyelid, throat, etc.


 stem cell treatment for muscular dystrophy


How effective is stem cell treatment for muscular dystrophy?

Stem cell treatment for muscular dystrophy is an innovative and ultra-modern method of treatment that helps the patient to recover the strength and movement in the affected muscles.

Stem cell therapy works to undo the damage caused at the cellular level to the muscle tissues. Stem cells have the ability to differentiate (divide) into various essential types of cells that are needed for normal functioning of the body.

Experts at NeuroGen Brain and Spine Institute in Mumbai, are efficient in sourcing, processing and using stem cells to treat the affected muscles. Research has shown an immense improvement with conventional treatment when combined with stem cell treatment for muscular dystrophy.

Surprisingly Effective Results With Stem Cell Treatment For Spinal Cord Injury

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The spinal cord, the main bundle of nerve tissues, connects the brain and the vertebral canal. It is the point of origin for numerous spinal nerves. A slight injury to the spinal cord may result in permanent disabling of various parts of the body. Major trauma or an injury can also cause substantial damage to numerous spinal nerves that originate in the spinal canal.

In case the damage to the spinal cord is untreatable then it may affect the person’s motor, sensory and reflex abilities. A person affected by spinal cord injury is unable to control his/her body functions due to the damaged spinal nerve. The symptoms may worsen in case the injury is severe.

stem cell treatment for spinal cord injury

How can we identify a spinal cord injury?

Spinal cord injury may reveal the following symptoms:

  • Abnormal gait
  • Inability to identify hot and cold surfaces
  • Loss of bladder and bowel control
  • Bouts of exaggerated movement or even seizures
  • Abnormal sexual function and sensitivity
  • Periods of extreme numbness and tingling
  • Breathing problem or constant coughing

A spinal cord injury may be complete or incomplete depending on the severity of the injury. Incase of complete spinal cord injury, a patient is unable to control his/her movements. An incomplete spinal cord injury results in meager loss of sensory activities beneath or around the injured region.

There is a possibility of ‘paralytic conditions’ due to spinal cord injury. ‘Quadriplegia’ – loss of both movements in thepelvis, both arms, and legs – or ‘Paraplegia’ – loss of control over thepelvis, trunk, and legs – can also be the result of a spinal cord injury.

How effective is stem cell treatment for spinal cord injury?

Stem cell therapy has opened up new frontiers in the treatment of numerous neurodevelopmental and musculoskeletal disorders that were earlier treated with only conventional methods.

Stem cells are blank template cell that develops mainly in the bone marrow. These stem cells have the ability to transform into any other types of essential cells, such as blood cells, bone cells, tissue cells, etc. They also help to stimulate angiogenesis(production of red blood cells)which helps to repair the damaged spinal cord tissues effectively. This results in helping the patient lead a better quality of life. Hence, stem cell treatment for spinal cord injury is a boon to mankind.

Is Stem Cell Therapy The Answer For Effective Autism Treatment?

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Autism is one of those conditions that have effects not only on the child but also on the family who takes care of the child. It is a group of neuro-developmental disorders seen in the first three years of the child’s life. Autism inhibits the ability of the child to cope with reasoning, perception and problem solving skills. The child also has problems in communication using verbal and non-verbal cues. Their social interaction and behavioral skills are also affected.

A child with autism needs special attention and is dependent on the family for daily activities.

How Can I Identify the Symptoms of Autism?

Autism is not a disorder which goes away with time. However, research studies from around the worlds how have revealed that if detected in its early stages, the child can be taught self-dependency to a significant level.

Some of the symptoms of autism include:

Communication – The child is unable to understand and use verbal and non-verbal communication cues completely. Development of spoken language is slow.
Social – The child is unable to establish and maintain peer relationships.
Behavior – The child does repetitive actions – twirling, rocking, etc. Establishes strong attachments to inanimate objects which reduce human interaction. May show aggressive bouts such as pulling other’s hair, scratching, etc. May have an appetite for inedible things, such as chalk, sand, dirt, etc.
Cognitive – Inability to recognize one’s name.
Senses – Hearing sense is heightened along with touch.

autism treatment



What Causes Autism?

Although there is no single specific cause known to develop autism, doctors and researchers agree that autism is mainly the result of genetic and environmental factors.
A mutated gene can cause abnormal brain development, leading to autism. There are several non-genetic factors, such as perinatal complications and nutrient deficiency. Environmental factors may include maternal stress, mercury poisoning, exposure to strong medication, etc.

How is Autism Treatment Done Using Stem Cell Therapy?

Autism treatment using stem cell therapy is an advanced and effective treatment method. Insufficient supply of oxygen, imbalance of the immune system, inflammation, oxidative stress, has been observed in autism children.
At NeuroGen Brain and Spine Institute in Mumbai, autism treatment using stem cells therapy helps to address these issues which further leads to restoration of lost functions. Studies at the Institute have revealed that patients with autism treated with stem cell therapy along with neuro rehabilitation show remarkable overall improvement.

All You Need To Know About Stem Cell Research and Therapy

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Conventional medical science has been using medical and surgical treatments for treating many serious medical conditions and disorders. Although, medical science is making an immense progress, there are still certain severe diseases and disorders that are not effectively treated by the conventional methods.

Stem cell research and therapy is the new frontier in medical science. This innovative technique aims to treat many disorders and also improve their symptoms.

Basics about stem cells

Stem cells are a renewable source of ‘replacement cells’ that help to treat multiple conditions such as spinal cord injury, burns, osteoarthritis, heart disease, etc. They are also used in treating inherited syndromes and neurological disorders.

Stem cells are the building blocks that are normally needed to repair the weakened or dead tissues in the body. They originate the ‘template’ cells which differentiate into various other kinds of cells, such as blood cells, muscle cells, bone cells, etc.

With the help of advanced research, patients with severe and debilitating disorders can achieve unprecedented levels of treatment without the complexity and risks that are often associated with the conventional treatment methods.

NeuroGen Brain and Spine Institute: An ideal choice for stem cell research and therapy

It is safe to undergo a stem cell treatment for any disease from an experienced and reputable source. NeuroGen Brain and Spine Institute has an extensive experience and an in-depth stem cell research which has gained remarkably successful results.

Stem Cell Research and Therapy

What is involved in a stem cell treatment?

For the best results, it is important that you should approach only the well-trained and highly experienced professionals for a stem cell treatment. At NeuroGen, the proficient doctors take extreme care while treating patients with stem cell therapy.

Treatment protocol at NeuroGen Brain and Spine Institute

1. Bone marrow aspiration –

Bone marrow is the spongy tissue in the center of bones from where the blood cells originate. In adults, the hip bone is the most preferred source to get stem cells. A long and thin bone-marrow-aspiration needle is used to remove a specific amount of bone marrow, according to the patient’s weight. It can range from 80 ml to 120 ml.

2. Acquiring stem cells –

Once the bone marrow is removed, the doctor will begin the purification process called the ‘density gradient configuration.’

3. Stem cell injection –

An ‘intrathecal injection’ (with an epidural/spinal needle) is used for injecting the stem cells. The stem cells are injected into the spinal area of the patient.

The stem cell research and therapy at NeuroGen is reliably safe and efficient in treating various severe medical disorders and chronic diseases. The Institute has gained a huge trust for its highly skilled and result oriented stem cell treatment.

Effectiveness of Stem Cell Therapy in Cerebral Palsy Treatment

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Cerebral palsy (CP) is a group of disorders that affect the balance, movement and muscle tone of the patient. It mainly develops in the part of the brain which controls the motor skills of a person. When this part of the brain is underdeveloped or damaged at childbirth or in early childhood, then the child finds it difficult to control muscles and movements.

Although this is not a progressive disease, the symptoms and its effects may worsen with age. The symptoms are also varied and may differ in patients. Hence, conventional treatment for this disease depends on an individual’s symptoms.

There are mainly three types of cerebral palsy – spastic, dyskinetic and ataxic cerebral palsy. These cerebral palsy types affect the body and the muscle tone by damaging the part of the brain responsible for their development. At times, some patients show a combination of these cerebral palsy conditions.

Symptoms of cerebral palsy

Although the type of damage to the brain may differ from individual to individual the disabilities are mostly similar.

Children with cerebral palsy have:

1. Less or no muscle coordination to perform voluntary movements (seen in ataxia)

2. Tight or stiff muscles with exaggerated movements/reflexes (seen in spasticity)

3. One or both legs/arms may experience weakness

4. An abnormal gait

5. Abnormal muscle tone (stiff/loose)

Apart from affecting movement and coordination of the child, cerebral palsy also causes subnormal intellectual development, seizures, delayed growth and impaired vision and hearing.

Causes of cerebral palsy

An injury or malfunction in the portion of the brain, which controls muscles, can result in the development of cerebral palsy in children. The child may be affected during pregnancy or after childbirth.

Some causes of cerebral palsy are:

1. Insufficient oxygen supply in fetal stage

2. Injury/infection during pregnancy

3. Premature birth complications

4. Unusual shape or abnormal development of brain structure

5. Genetic mutations of brain cells

Cerebral palsy treatment with stem cell therapy

Stem cell therapy is one of the most comprehensive treatment methods that have been newly discovered. Stem cells are template cells, which can develop into other types of cells that are required in the body.

Effective Stem Cell Treatment For Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral palsy treatment at NeuroGen aims to:

1. Prevent abnormally fast death of neuron cells

2. Help to generate new blood vessels

3. Allow ideal cell multiplication and integration

At NeuroGen Brain and Spine Institute, stem cell therapy for cerebral palsy treatment has helped over 92% of the patients with a safe and effective treatment method.

NeuroGen Stem Cell Therapy For Spinal Cord Injury in India

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The musculoskeletal system in human beings is the structure that holds the various parts of the body in place and enables smooth functioning of the limbs. The neural system, which consists of the millions of tiny nerves that connect the extremities to the brain, is one of the most important systems in the body. The spinal cord is the main avenue which communicates the signals from the brain to the nerve endings in every part of the body. An injury or damage to the spinal cord results in severe pain and disability.

The spinal cord is the main group of nervous tissue which connects the brain to the nerve endings in the body and runs inside the spinal canal. This is a small canal that runs between the vertebral column and is protected by the spine. In case the spinal cord gets damaged, it leads to various severe complications, including loss of movement and functioning in the various body parts.

A damage to the spinal cord results in loss of sensory, reflexive and motor functions which leads to debilitating conditions. In such cases, it becomes important to get proper medical attention, diagnosis and effective treatment to reverse the damage and to improve the condition as well.

Some of the problems associated with spinal cord injury are:

1. Problem with movement (walking, sitting, standing, etc)

2. Loss of sensations in limbs

3. Breathing problems, etc

A spinal injury may be mild and incomplete which leads to momentary loss of functioning, or it can be severe and complete which causes total loss of functioning. Although there are several causes that result in spinal cord injury, the main reason is the damage to the spine from trauma or a bone/nervous disorder.

NeuroGen stem cell therapy for spinal cord injury in India

NeuroGen Brain and Spine Institute is a leading stem cell research and treatment centre in India. It offers the best quality and reliable stem cell therapy for spinal cord injury in India.

Stem Cell Therapy For Spinal Cord Injury

Stem cells are the basic building blocks of the various tissues, muscles and bones that make up the entire body. Stem cells begin as premature cells that later develop into specialised cells in the body.

Benefits of stem cell therapy for spinal cord injury in India include:

1. Lowered inflammation risk

2. Neuro-protection

3. Neuro-generation of fresh synapses and neurons to replace damaged ones

These unique benefits of stem cell therapy at NeuroGen make it one of the top choices for a reliable treatment method for spinal cord injury.

The Rehabilitation Value of Yoga in Neurological Disorders

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Yoga, the ancient art form from India, is increasingly becoming popular all over the world. This method is being hailed as one of the best and easiest therapeutic and health-building techniques today.

Yoga is being recognized by scientists and health professionals for its holistic approach to building a healthy body and mind. This had resulted in the WHO (World Health Organization) to promote Yoga officially way back in 1978. The global health authority recognized the huge therapeutic potential that Yoga offers for numerous kinds of physiological and psychological problems and disorders.

This makes Yoga an appropriate form of rehabilitative exercise for people of all sexes and ages. Today, Yoga is also being considered one of the ideal methods for rehabilitation of patients suffering from neurological disorders.

It is often hard for younger children to learn to focus and relax for a sufficient period of time. Children, being naturally energetic and somewhat fidgety, tend to find it hard to sit at one place without letting their minds wander. Although expert Yoga teachers can teach these values to kids eventually; it works wonders for children with autism.

Most popular techniques for teaching kids Yoga is found in the book titled, Yoga Therapy for children with Autism and Special Needs by Louise Goldberg. The author has explained in detail the techniques and methods that help kids with special needs gain the intrinsic benefits from Yoga. The book has now become a handbook for teachers, educators, and school counselors, etc. for offering Yoga to kids affected by autism.

Benefits of Yoga for neurological disorder rehabilitation

Yoga is focused on inculcating and improving certain essential skills into the user. This is doubly beneficial for kids affected by autism who have trouble with basic communication and interactive skills. It also helps to improve the sensory and motor skills of the child remarkably.

The Rehabilitation Value of Yoga in Neurological Disorders
A special children’s Yoga program can help a child with autism to:

Develop motor skills

Children with ASD (Autism Spectrum Disorder) often have delayed development of motor skills. This affects their ability of self-awareness acutely. To overcome this, Yoga can help such children to tone their muscles. This, in turn, helps the child to improve balance and stability. Yoga helps the child to develop better coordination and enhanced self-awareness.

The development of motor skills helps to increase self-awareness in the child. It also builds extensive awareness of the child’s physical self in space and in relation to others. This helps to improve the child’s gait and ability to walk.

Improved social skills and self-confidence

Poor coordination results in low self-esteem in the child as the child feels ‘different’ from his/her peers. It also prevents the child from being a part of the team in sports and outdoor activities.

Yoga teaches the child to be confident by gaining better control and coordination of their movements. Better physical coordination results in improving the child’s social skills significantly. Specialized Yoga classes involving partner poses increases the child’s confidence to perform normally in group situations as well.

Know How Music Therapy Helps Children With Autism

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Music has been the source of comfort and pleasure from centuries. Earlier, music’s benefits were known to have pain alleviating effects, but today, studies have shown that music helps to develop and improve cognitive abilities and remove emotional challenges as well.

Starting at the beginning of the 1950s and 1960s, therapists started studying the effects and benefits that music has on improving interaction and cognition in autistic patients. Numerous research studies have shown the immense benefits that music therapy has for children affected with autism. It has been seen that the interactive activities involving music had more effect on such children than activities that did not use music.

Music therapies are of varying kinds. For ASD (autism spectrum disorder), interactive musical activities are best-suited and show significant improvement in social and communication skills.

How does music therapy work?

Children affected by ASD have difficulty mainly communicating and interacting with peers or elders. Music therapy is an ideal channel that helps such children to improve their communication and interaction skills which are not developed to normal levels otherwise.

Music therapy basically gives an easier avenue to such children to communicate. Children can use singing, playing instruments, songwriting, listening to songs and music to make their communications skills better.

Know How Music Therapy Helps Children with Autism
In turn, therapists use singing and music to teach the children to overcome their inhibitions and improve their interaction skills with other children or with their own parents. This can be done effectively by pairing certain musical cues with specific skills and actions. Later on, after sufficient training, the child can easily use their now-found skills without the need for the musical cues. The cues are gently phased out as the child progresses in learning the particular skills.

Music therapy is an excellent way to teach such children the value of taking turns and making eye contact, skills that are socially important but are lacking in them. Apart from the musical cues, the therapy also works by making songs that promote basic social and peer interaction skills, such as taking turns. The therapist can use songwriting as an effective method. The song’s lyrics are pleasant and easy to understand by the ASD-affected children which make these more effective. The child is able to retain the message of the song better than spoken instructions.

What is involved in Music Therapy for Autism?

In general, music therapy mainly involves four stages:

1. Assessment – 

The therapist will assess the child to find out the specific symptoms of the condition. As music therapy is not a stand-alone treatment and mostly combined with other treatment therapies that help treat ASD (autism spectrum disorder), the music therapist will consult the child’s doctor and other therapists for essential and additional background information.

2 Setting Goals –

A customized and detailed program is scheduled according to the child’s individual requirements.

3. Activity Planning – 

Music therapy sessions will include specifically designed activities that are suitable for the particular child. These include acting on musical cues, dancing to music, singing, and songwriting, playing musical instruments, listening to music, improvising and working effectively as part of a group of peers.

4. Evaluation – 

Regular evaluations are planned to assess the progress of the individual child to ensure efficient development of their communication and interaction skills.

Various research studies have shown the considerable contribution that music therapy has towards the improvement of communications and interactive skills in children affected by ASD (Autism Spectrum Disorder).

A Basic Guide To Autism & Stem Cell Treatment For Treating it

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Autism is a spectrum condition that affects the interactive, perceptive, and psychological behavior of people. It is basically a brain-based disorder and is characterized by impaired social interaction and poor developmental language and reduced communication skills alongside rigid and rhythmic behaviors.

Basic Guide To Autism & Stem Cell Treatment

The disease often kicks off during childhood and goes lifelong. In medical terms, Autism impacts the nervous system of the brain and affects the overall emotional, physical, social, and cognitive ability of a person. As statistics show, 1 in 100 individuals in the UK is living with autism.

Basic Guide To Autism & Stem Cell Treatment

Symptoms of Autism

The symptoms of autism can vary from person to person on the basis of severity.

However, the most common and early symptoms of Autism include:

1. Delayed language skills and verbal expressions.

2. Flat and mechanical voice or singsong voice.

3. Echolalia or repeating the same action or phrase again and again.

4. Problems with pronouns.

5. Unrecognizable to sarcasm or joking.

6. Move constantly.

7. Sensitive to light, sound, and touch.

8. Impaired communication and interaction skill.

9. Avoid eye contact.

10. Isolation

11. Overly active, uncooperative, or resistant

Treatments for Autism

There are a number of treatments for autism. However, the one which has gained immense popularity due to its versatile application and effectiveness is Autism stem cell treatment. Treatment of Autism with Stem Cell Therapy is a new and effective method that depends on the stem cells’ ability to impact immune system and metabolism in the body. NeuroGen Brain and Spine Institute is one of the best hospitals that excel in offering Autism stem cell treatment for patients with autism.

The experts at NeuroGen Brain and Spine Institute employ the adult stem cells for treating autism and source these cells from bone marrow of the patient. Veteran doctors at NeuroGen Brain and Spine Institute, use adult stem cells procured from the bone marrow of the patient. These cells help repair the affected neural tissues at structural and molecular level. They aid in regulating cell differentiation and tissue and organ repair.

The specialists at NeuroGen Brain and Spine Institute have effectively treated more than 600 cases of Autism from across the world. NGBSI has proved to be one of the world’s best healthcare organizations for autism treatment using stem cells. Apart from Autism, NGBSI also outshines for its effective stem cell treatments for a broad range of neurological disorders like muscular dystrophy, spinal cord injury, cerebral palsy, mental retardation, stroke and much more.


OPD Videos by Dr. Alok Sharma